Recovery of vision and pupil responses in optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis

TitleRecovery of vision and pupil responses in optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsMoro SI, Rodriguez-Carmona ML, Frost EC, Plant GT, Barbur JL
JournalOphthalmic Physiol Opt.
Volume27
Pagination451–460
KeywordsAdult, Color Perception, Female, Humans, Male, methods, Middle Aged, Multiple Sclerosis, Optic Neuritis, Photic Stimulation, physiology, physiopathology, Pupil, Pupillary, radiation effects, Recovery of Function, Reflex, Retina, Time Factors, Vision Tests, Visual Acuity
Abstract

The recovery of visual performance and pupil responses were investigated in patients with demyelinating optic neuritis (ON) and multiple sclerosis (MS). The pupil constriction amplitude and the time delay (latency) of the pupil response were measured in 14 patients with a history of unilateral ON in response to either achromatic (luminance) or chromatic (isoluminant) stimulus modulation. Five of these subjects were diagnosed later with MS. In addition, we measured detection thresholds for achromatic stimuli using standard visual field perimetry and chromatic thresholds using a new colour assessment and diagnosis (CAD) test that isolates the use of colour signals. The results show that, despite significant improvements in visual function following the acute phase (as assessed using visual acuity and fields), significant pupil response deficits remain. The findings also demonstrate that accurate measurements of pupil responses and chromatic thresholds can reveal deficits that remain undetected with more conventional techniques. These preliminary findings suggest that the techniques described here can provide useful information about remitting and relapsing demyelinative phases, often observed during MS and ON