Segmental and suprasegmental mismatch in lexical access

TitleSegmental and suprasegmental mismatch in lexical access
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsSoto-Faraco S, Sebastián-Gallés N, Cutler A
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume45
Issue3
Pagination412-432
Date Published10/2001
Keywordsconsonants, features, lexical access, stress, vowels
Abstract

Four cross-modal priming experiments in Spanish addressed the role of suprasegmental and segmental information in the activation of spoken words. Listeners heard neutral sentences ending with word fragments (e.g., princi-) and made lexical decisions on letter strings presented at fragment offset. Responses were compared for fragment primes that fully matched the spoken form of the initial portion of target words, versus primes that mismatched in a single element (stress pattern; one vowel; one consonant), versus control primes. Fully matching primes always facilitated lexical decision responses, in comparison to the control condition, while mismatching primes always produced inhibition. The respective strength of the contribution of stress, vowel, and consonant (one feature mismatch or more) information did not differ statistically. The results support a model of spoken-word recognition involving automatic activation of word forms and competition between activated words, in which the activation process is sensitive to all acoustic information relevant to the language's phonology. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

DOI10.1006/jmla.2000.2783